Niagara - The Cataract City
Niagara Falls is the collective name for three waterfalls that straddle the international border between Canada and the United States; more specifically, between the province of Ontario and the state of New York. They form the southern end of the Niagara Gorge.
From largest to smallest, the three waterfalls are the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls. The Horseshoe Falls lie mostly on the Canadian side and the American Falls entirely on the American side, separated by Goat Island. The smaller Bridal Veil Falls are also located on the American side, separated from the other waterfalls by Luna Island. The international boundary line was originally drawn through Horseshoe Falls in 1819, but the boundary has long been in dispute due to natural erosion and construction.
Located on the Niagara River, which drains Lake Erie into Lake Ontario, the combined falls form the highest flow rate of any waterfall in the world, with a vertical drop of more than 165 feet (50 m). Horseshoe Falls is the most powerful waterfall in North America, as measured by vertical height and also by flow rate. The falls are located 17 miles (27 km) north-northwest of Buffalo, New York and 75 miles (121 km) south-southeast of Toronto, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls, Ontario, and Niagara Falls, New York.
SIGHTSEEING / THINGS TO DO IN NIAGARA FALLS
The Falls-view Tourist Area in Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada is the main tourist attraction surrounding the Falls
The Cave of the Winds was a natural cave behind Bridal Veil Falls at the Niagara Falls. The cave was some 130 feet high, 100 feet wide and 30 feet in depth. It was discovered in 1834, and originally dubbed Aeolus' Cave, after the Greek god of winds
The Niagara Falls-view Casino Resort in Niagara Falls, Ontario opened publicly on June 10, 2004. This $1 billion complex overlooks the Horseshoe Falls and is one of the most prominent features of the Niagara skyline.
The Bridal Veil Falls is the smallest of the three waterfalls that make up Niagara Falls. It is located on the U.S. side; Luna Island separates it from the American Falls and Goat Island separates it from the Horseshoe Falls
The Prospect Point Park observation tower is a tower located in Niagara Falls, New York, USA and just east of the American Falls
The Rainbow Bridge, officially the Niagara Falls International Rainbow Bridge, is an arch bridge across the Niagara River gorge, and is a world-famous tourist site.
Goat Island is a small island in the Niagara River, located in the middle of Niagara Falls between the Bridal Veil Falls and the Horseshoe Falls.
The Three Sisters Islands are islands which lie off the west shoreline of Goat Island. The islands are part of Niagara Falls, New York
The Lewiston–Queenston Bridge, known in Canada as the "Queenston-Lewiston Bridge" is an arch bridge that crosses the Niagara River gorge just south of the Niagara Escarpment. The bridge was officially opened on November 1, 1962
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